All neurons are electrically excitable the electrical impulse mostly arrives on the dendrites, gets processed into the cell body to then move along the axonon its all length an axon functions merely as an electric cable, simply transmitting the signal. Explain how neurons transmit information 'our knowledge of the neurons function helps us to understand human behaviour' discuss the relationship between biology and psychology is a 'give-and-take', shared relationship where one can be used to explain and provide insight into the other, as. Neurons are specialized to transmit information throughout the body these highly specialized nerve cells are responsible for communicating information in both chemical and electrical forms there are also several different types of neurons responsible for different tasks in the human body.
Neurons are specialized cells of the nervous system that transmit signals throughout the body you may already know that neurons can do many different things from sensing external and internal. Neurons can be categorized into three types: sensory neurons, motor neurons and inter neurons sensory neurons allow us to receive information from the outside world through our senses. Motor neurons have a long axon and short dendrites and transmit messages from the central nervous system to the muscles (or to glands) interneurons are found only in the central nervous system where they connect neuron to neuron.
Sensory neurons send signals from outside the body into the central nervous system, motor neurons transmit signals to activate muscles and glands, and interneurons act as connectors between neurons the sensory neurons inform the central nervous system of outside stimuli through the senses of touch, sight, hearing, taste and smell. Neurons are the basic unit of the nervous system and nervous tissueall cells of the nervous system are comprised of neurons the nervous system helps us to sense and respond to our environment and can be divided into two parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Sensory neurons have dendrites on both ends, connected by a long axon with a cell body in the middle interneurons , or associative neurons, carry information between motor and sensory neurons these fundamental members of the nervous system also vary with respect to their functions. Neurons are the cells that pass chemical and electrical signals along the pathways in the brain they come in many shapes and sizes their shapes and connections help them carry out specialized functions, such as storing memories or controlling muscles. Neurons are the basic functional units of the nervous system, and they generate electrical signals called action potentials, which allow them to quickly transmit information over long distances glia are also essential to nervous system function, but they work mostly by supporting the neurons.
Function of neurons the central nervous system [cns] is composed entirely of two kinds of specialized cells: neurons and gliahence, every information processing system in the cns is composed of neurons and glia so too are the networks that compose the systems (and the maps. One of the main areas of psychological studies is the mind therefore this essay aims to explain the biology of how neurons transmit information, this essay also aims to discuss how our knowledge of the ways neurons functions helps us to understand human behaviour. Neurons transmit information through neurotransmitters, molecules that are released from one neuron and travel to another to produce a response several neurotransmitters, both inhibitory and excitatory, have been studied extensively.
Neurons share the same characteristics and have the same makeup as other cells, but the electrochemical aspect lets them transmit signals over long distances (up to several feet or a few meters) and send messages to each other. All of our sensations, feelings, thoughts, motor and emotional responses, learning and memory, the actions of psychoactive drugs, the causes of mental disorders, and any other function or dysfunction of the human brain cannot be understood without the knowledge about the fascinating process of communication between nerve cells (neurons. Neurons are the elementary components of the nervous system, the body's speedy electrochemical information system a neuron sends signals through its axons, and recerives signals through its branching dendrites.
Section 211 overview of neuron structure and function in this introductory section, we describe the structural features that are unique to neurons and the types of electric signals that they use to process and transmit information. Inter neurons receive information from other neurons and pass this information on to other neurons their dendrites and axons are of similar length and are both found completely within the spinal cord or brain (cns. Neurons are unique-looking little cells like all animal cells, a neuron has a cell body, called a soma, where the dna-carrying nucleus sits, providing directions for the cell to make various. Neurons are unique because they can send information from the brain to the rest of the body your brain communicates with the rest of your body by sending messages from one neuron to the next and ultimately to the muscles and organs of the body.